Everything You Need to Know About GMAT Exam Scores
From a section-wide breakdown about GMAT exam scores to the average scores at the most competitive business schools, here is everything you need to know about scoring on the GMAT exam.
GMAT exam scores are only one part of the MBA admissions journey, but they are a critical part of that process.
How the GMAT Exam is Scored
All GMAT exam scores range between 200 and 800. About 50% of all students score somewhere between 400 and 600 on the exam, meaning a score of above 600 means you have done better than the majority of test-takers for that particular test. The higher you score, the more people you outscore, placing you in a higher and higher percentile. Percentiles are a way for college admissions officers to see how well you did not just on the GMAT scale of 800 but with respect to other test-takers.
GMAT Exam Scoring for the Individual Sections
After taking the GMAT, you actually receive five different scores.
– The first one is your Total Score, which ranges between 200 and 800.
– In addition to this, you receive a Math sub-score, as well as a Verbal sub-score, both of which range between 0 and 60.
– Finally, there is an Analytical Writing Assessment score (known as the AWA), which is scored on a scale from 0 to 6, and there is an Integrated Reasoning (IR) sub-score, which ranges from 1 to 8.
Out of all of these scores, the ones that have the biggest impact on your chances of admission at your business school of choice are your Total Score and your Quantitative and Verbal scores, so let’s look at those in a little more detail.
Total, Quantitative, and Verbal GMAT Exam Scores
Total GMAT scores range between 200 and 800 in 10-point increments. They are calculated using your Math and Verbal scores.
Quantitative and Verbal sections range between 0 and 60 in 1-point increments. The number of questions you get right, the difficulty level of the questions you get right, and the total number of questions that you answer are used to determine your scores Quantitative and Verbal scores.
GMAT Exam Percentiles
All five scores that you receive after taking your GMAT are accompanied by a percentile rank. Percentiles are used by admissions officers to compare you against other test-takers. As an example, if you have a percentile of 94 next to your Quantitative score, that means that 94 percent of the people who took the same test as you scored lower than you did on the Quantitative section of their test.
As of now, an overall score of 800 on the GMAT would put you in the 99th percentile – this means that 99% of all test-takers score less than 800 on the test, and a score of 800 places you in the top 1% of all test-takers. A score of 750 places you in the 98th percentile.
Since percentiles are calculated using a bell curve, the fall-off is not linear. This means that for every 10 points scored higher or lower on the test, your percentile can change significantly. Between scores of 800 and 750 (a difference of 50 points), the percentile ranks changes from 99 to 98 (a difference of only 1%), but between 750 and 700 (also a difference of 50 points), the percentile rank changes from 98% to 88% (a difference of 10%). This is because more and more people (in this case, 10% more people) score somewhere between 700 and 750. Used this way, percentiles are a useful tool to separate good, great, and exceptional candidates, because earning a higher percentile becomes harder and harder the closer you are to the higher end of the spectrum.
GMAT Essay Scores
All GMAT essays receive two scores. One is from a person. The other is from a computer program that is designed to grade writing assignments. Both graders assign you a score between 0 and 6 in half-point increments. Your overall score depends on your content, style of writing, grammar, and sentence structure. If the two grades given to you by the two graders are the same, that score is assigned to you. If they are decidedly different, a third grader, an actual person, will read and score your essay to determine your grade.
GMAT Integrated Reasoning Score
Scores on the Integrated Reasoning section range from 1 to 8. No partial credit given. You will sometimes need to give multiple responses to each question in this section.
Good GMAT Exam Scores
With all of the above in mind, it is clear that not only a high score but a high percentile matters in determining whether or not a particular score is good enough for the school or schools you are targeting. However, here is a general guideline you can use to determine how good and competitive your scores are.
Top scores that will place you in the top 10% of all test takers (in the 90th percentile or higher) are as follows:
– An overall score of between 720 and 800
– A Quantitative sub-score of 52 or higher out of 60
– A Verbal sub-score of 41 or higher out of 60
– Full marks on the Essay (6/6) and on the Integrated Reasoning portion of the test (8/8).
Competitive scores that will place you in the top 25% of all test takers are as follows:
– An overall score of between 650 and 700
– A Quantitative sub-score of between 47 and 50 out of 60
– A Verbal sub-score of between 36 and 40 out of 60
– An Integrated Reasoning score of 7 and an Essay score of 5 or 5.5 out of 6.
Scores that are not too bad overall (because they are above average) but are probably not good enough for competitive or top-tier programs (because competition for limited seats at these institutions is fierce) are as follows:
– A total score of between 560 and 650
– A Quantitative sub-score of between 38 and 47 out of 60
– A Verbal sub-score of between 28 and 34 out of 60
– An Integrated Reasoning score of 5 or 6 out of 8 and an Essay score of between 4 and 5 out of 6.
GMAT Exam Scores for the Best Schools
Here are the average GMAT scores for the top-10 business schools in the US.
- Harvard Business School: 731
- University of Chicago (Booth): 730
- University of Pennsylvania (Wharton): 730
- Stanford University: 737
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Sloan): 722
- Northwestern University (Kellogg): 732
- University of California – Berkeley (Haas): 725
- University of Michigan – Ann Arbor (Ross): 716
- Columbia Business School: 727
- Dartmouth (Tuck): 722
These scores are averages. This means that the actual scores of each student at each school can be above or below these averages. In summary, however, what is clear is that the range of scores for the top-10 schools lies between about 715 and 737, so you need to keep this target in mind if you plan to apply to a top-10 school.
Beyond GMAT Exam Scores
Beyond scores, however, admissions offices also consider the undergraduate GPA, extracurriculars, work experience, references, application essays, and sometimes even interviews of applicants before making final decisions for MBA candidates. Just as a perfect GMAT does not guarantee admission to any single program, a below-average score does not exempt you from admission either; it’s all about the strengths of your overall application and the judgment that the admissions office arrives at with regards to your fit to their program and your expected ability to succeed in their program.
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